If you continue along the Parkway for about another block, you will see it divide again around a central grassy area. Take the crosswalks into this area, called Eakins Oval for Thomas Eakins (1844-1916), the famous Philadelphia realist painter best known for The Gross Clinic and The Agnew Clinic.
The centerpiece is Washington Monument, the huge sculpture near the street facing the Philadelphia Museum of Art. Designed by German sculptor Rudolf Siemering in 1897, the bronze and granite replica of George Washington on a horse sits atop a granite pedestal. The face was made from an impression taken during Washington’s life.
Four pairs of Native American figures and animals surround him, guarding pools of water representing the four great waterways of America: the Mississippi, the Potomac, the Delaware, and the Hudson. The 13 steps that lead to the pedestal represent the original 13 states. Each side represents aspects of the American journey: victory in the war, warning against the dangers of slavery, westward movement, and the march of the Army.